THE CURRENT SITUATION OF CHICKEN RAISING AND WASTE TREATMENT IN PHU LUONG DISTRICT, THAI NGUYEN PROVINCE
Keywords:chicken raising; poultry waste treatment; environmental pollution; health impact; farm household.
This study was conducted in Phu Luong during October 2020 to evaluate the current situation of local chicken raising activities and waste treatment. The research was carried out through personal interviews with 90 households in Dong Dat and Phan Me communes. As a result, scale of chicken raising of the households is small with about 1,200 chicken heads/household. Chicken sheds are mainly located in residential areas. Most of the households have applied different methods to treat chicken waste. Nonetheless, the current treatment efficiency is rather limited, causing environmental pollution and adverse impacts on human health. The most common methods for treating chicken waste are spraying probiotics to treat odors and using probiotic bedding. The major proportion of the producers has been trained on how to mitigate livestock environment issues. However, the proportion of farmers learning through production groups, cooperatives and technical guidelines from off-taker companies are very small. Results of this research would serve as a useful basis for relevant agencies and farmers to take appropriate action to protect the rural environment and the health of local households and animals.
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